Github provides two network protocols,
HTTPS & SSH to clone, pull and push changes to your repositories from your machine. Both have their own pros and cons. Personally i use
SSH for all of my Git activities. Because compared to
SSH keys is more secure and saves me more time by doesn’t requiring me to enter my username and password every time i perform a push or pull operation. Let me elaborate on why i find
SSH more secure and convienient than
If you are using
HTTPS, you are using the same username and password of your github account to access remote repositories from your machine. So, if those details gets compromised. Then, the attacker can access everything in your account. They can even change the master password and can lock you out of your own account.
SSH, Even if, your computer gets stolen and an attacker gets access to your private key. They will not be able to gain full control of your github account and you can quickly remove the compromised key by logging in your github account with the master password.
SSH keys for the first time requires a little setup, but in the long run, it pays by providing you the extra control and security of your account. Also, by using
SSH you will never again required to type your username and password for accessing your Github account.
First step is to generate your own
SSH key pairs. You can do that by running the below command.
ssh-keygen -o -t rsa -C "email@example.com"
(Remember to replace the comment with your own email)
After That, you will be asked for the path to save the keys. hit enter to accept the default location.
Generating public/private rsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key (/home/sj/.ssh/id_rsa):
Next, you will get an option to provide the passphrase to make your keys more secure. This is optional and you can skip it by pressing enter two times.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): Enter same passphrase again:
Finally, After your keys are generated. You will see the below message.
Your identification has been saved in /home/sj/.ssh/id_rsa Your public key has been saved in /home/sj/.ssh/id_rsa.pub The key fingerprint is: SHA256:40XYRaLv66J9UVk1wrMVgMFQh0/BaV5OhJG2ZsOsbEU firstname.lastname@example.org The key's randomart image is: +---[RSA 3072]----+ | .=+O*O=o| | + *.Eo+.| | o o XoO | | o o% . | | S +.= . | | . +.+ | | . o. | | .. .. | | ...+o | +----[SHA256]-----+
So, we have generated our
SSH key pairs. Now, we need to register our public key on github for that we can access content of our public key by using
ssh-rsa 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 email@example.com ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
Copy the above public
SSH key to your clipboard
Visit github.com, Login to your account, Go to your account settings and select
SSH and GPG keys option from side the menu. Click on New SSH key button.
Give your new key a relevant title and paste the public key that you have previously saved in your clipboard into the Key text box.
Finally, click Add SSH Key and enter your github password to save the key.
Now, You can use SSH to clone your repositories to your local machine.
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:sjcodebook/WBM.git
Enjoy the secure freedom 🍻!!
- Esther Perel